The World Federation One Stop Fiqh

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Responding to a Hindu person about the main reason of Allah s creation of the universe .


Assalamo alaikum. I live in Nairobi with my husband and kids. Here we have many friends even non Muslims. Today my husband s friend asked him a question which though my husband responded but he wants to give more evidence to explain it well. His friend asked him that I m born and raised as Hindu and I believe there is no life after death and no day of judgement. But when your Allah knows the past,present and future of each and every person. He has decided that who ever will commit sin he will go to hell who ever does good deeds will go to hell. Then there is heaven for virtuous people and hell fire for sinners. And Allah knows everything then why he created shaitan ,sins, bad things. He has given the freewill to man to choose the right or wrong path but still He knows who is going to choose which path. He has written the fate of every person. But still why he has done all of this? Does He need to prove himself that He is the Only Allah in the whole universe if so then Why? Pls respond me I will be very grateful tobu. Jazakallah khair.


Wa Alaykumussalam

I appreciate your questions. There are few theological/Aqaid questions in itself which I will try to answer briefly with the links to prevent prolongation.

Allah swt is All-Knowledgeable and has all knowledge about past, present and future

God is aware of all the realities and secrets. Therefore, all events and creatures are present in His essence and nothing is absent from it. With His power, He is aware of the cunningness and oppression of all the oppressors and has the ability to prevent it from happening. But His wise, eternal and unchanging rule and tradition is that all events are according to physical causes and reasons and occur according to regular channels.

If God doesn’t know about the past present or future that means He is limited and the limited existence cannot be God. God is infinite and unlimited. We don’t believe in the God who is limited and whatever makes God limited, He can no longer be a God, because it means He is dependent whereas we Muslims believe God to be independent, Omnipotent and Omnipresent.

Read the answer in detail for the following question from the link given below

Why didn’t God help the Prophet and Ahlul Bayt in their fight against their enemies when He had knowledge of the future?

A logical proof for the day of judgement and Hereafter

A person like Saddam or others who have killed millions of innocent Muslims, do we think that taking him to the court and hence killing him once would compensate the loss of the Muslim Ummah? Or do we need a bigger court, the court of Allah which is on the day of Judgement?

A person who has killed a million people, justice is that this killer should be killed million times, but that cannot be done in this world, hence we need a hereafter where Allah swt can give justice to the oppressed ones and punishment to the oppressors.

إِنَّ الَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا بِآيَاتِنَا سَوْفَ نُصْلِيهِمْ نَارًا كُلَّمَا نَضِجَتْ جُلُودُهُمْ بَدَّلْنَاهُمْ جُلُودًا غَيْرَهَا لِيَذُوقُوا الْعَذَابَ ۗ إِنَّ اللَّهَ كَانَ عَزِيزًا حَكِيمًا

Indeed We shall soon make those who deny Our signs enter a Fire: as often as their skins become scorched, We shall replace them with other skins, so that they may taste the punishment. Indeed Allah is all-mighty, all-wise. (Surah Nisa’/56)

Justice on the day of judgement and people who do injustice must be punished

Every person who has suffered injustice, irrespective of financial or social status, almost certainly wants the perpetrator of injustice to be punished. Every normal person would like the robber or the rapist to be taught a lesson. Though a large number of criminals are punished, many even go scot-free. They lead a pleasant, luxurious life, and even enjoy a peaceful existence. If injustice is done to a powerful and influential person, by someone more powerful and more influential than he, even such a person would want that person perpetrators of injustice to be punished.

كُلُّ نَفْسٍ ذَائِقَةُ الْمَوْتِ ۗ وَإِنَّمَا تُوَفَّوْنَ أُجُورَكُمْ يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ ۖ فَمَنْ زُحْزِحَ عَنِ النَّارِ وَأُدْخِلَ الْجَنَّةَ فَقَدْ فَازَ ۗ وَمَا الْحَيَاةُ الدُّنْيَا إِلَّا مَتَاعُ الْغُرُورِ 

Every soul shall taste death, and you will indeed be paid your full rewards on the Day of Resurrection. Whoever is delivered from the Fire and admitted to paradise has certainly succeeded. The life of this world is nothing but the wares of delusion. (Surah Aale Imran/185)

A qualified professor knows his students’ progress but never gives marks until the exam is taken. Once the exam is answered by the student, the professor marks it and declares the student because if the teacher marks before the exam the student could claim that he did not have a choice to answer the questions.

Same way if a person who commits sins and goes to Hell is like the one who has failed in his exam but the one who goes to heaven which Allah swt, The All-Knowledgeable knows.
How can a teacher know about his student’s progress while having a little knowledge in this world, and the All-Mighty who is the Creator, has knowledge of everything happening in this universe, cannot have the knowledge about the starting and ending of His own creation?

Why did Allah create bad things like Satan?

Allah swt did not create Satan as Satan, He created the Jinn who disobeyed Allah’s command and is counted as the outcast Satan.

Allah swt created everything good. He created all human beings with intellect and free will. It’s now on us how we use our intellect and free will. He doesn’t force us to become evil, it is our own free will that makes our acts evil. Hence, we understand He has created everything good and it is the human being who acts according to his free will and become evil such as Satan.

Allah swt did not create Shimr, as shimr. He created him as a human being, it was Shimr who with his own free will became evil and eventually killed Imam Hussain (as).

Regarding the creation of Satan please read the following questions from the links below:

What is the reason behind the creation of Satan as a misguiding and deviating creature? And why did Allah create him?

Why do we ascribe evil to God accidentally?

You can read this great book on theology/Aqa’id “Fifty lessons on principles of belief for youth” especially Part 4 of the book which discusses the Hereafter

Lessons 41-50 are regarding the Hereafter and there are proofs which you can share with the Hindu friend. A very nice and easy to understand book.


This book can be shared with others too, as it discusses the 5 Usool-e-Deen nicely along with logical proofs.


Syed Haider