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Promise with Allah and Imam e Zamana


Aoa, My Brother I’m  a muqalid of Siyed Ali Khumenei. I want to ask about promise.

I have made a promise with Allah and Imam e Zamana that I’ll not perform a specific sin again.(I made it in urdu). But after some time I realised that I’m not able to fulfill it so, is it possible for me to take my words back?


Secondly, i didn’t remember the exact words i said at the time of making the promise so, does my promise is valid?


Thirdly, If i unintentionally did something which is against my promise so, what should i do? Example: I did something which is against my words but i don’t know at the time of doing it.What should i do now?


Wa Alaykumussalam

Thank you for your question

One can promise(Qasam) or make a Nadhr(vow) which becomes wajib if the conditions are met.

Nadhr is a vow, a voluntary undertaking, of an act of virtue, as binding one’s self in gratitude for some special favor prayed for. It is a solemn promise to God.


Conditions of Nadhr:

Nadhr should be performed in the following manner:

  • Nadhr should be kept for the sake of Allah. It is essential to say “lil-Laahi ‘alayya” (It is, for Allah, upon me to do so) whilst doing Nadhr.

For example: It is, for Allah, upon me to pray 2 rakat namaz if I get well(Shifa).

  • The formula(Sigha) can be said in any language.
  • A person doing Nadhr must be adult and sane; and should do Nadhr with his own free will.
  • Nadhr cannot be kept to leave any obligatory or recommended act or to carry out any haraam act because such a Nadhr is void.
  • If a person keeps a Nadhr to fast on a particular day, he must fast on the particular day.



  • A Man promises in the name of God or His attributes, such asمقلب القلوب و الابصار” ” or attributes that are often used for Allah and the usage is for the Almighty God and not others, such as the رازق  (Creator), خالق (Sustainer) and رحیم (Merciful), in any language, he swears to do or leave something.
  • If Qasam is performed by taking the names of Masumeen, it isn’t valid.


Kaffarah for breaking Nadhr(vow) or Promise(Qasam):

If a person intentionally does not fulfill his oath, he will have committed a sin and he must give recompense (kaffārah). That is, he must either feed ten poor people (fuqarāʾ), or clothe them. And if he cannot do any of these, he must fast for three consecutive days.


  1. If you have said the formula of Nadhr(vow) or Qasam(promise) then it is valid otherwise it doesn’t make anything  wajib on you and doesn’t have kaffarah whereas if you break the promise or nadhr after reciting the formula, then it has kaffarah.
  2. Since you haven’t pronounced the formula of Nadhr(vow) or Qasam(promise), it hadn’t become wajib on you so you do not have anything on you.
  3. Incase if you have recited the formula of Nadhr(vow) or Qasam(promise) and not fulfilled, then the kaffarah is wajib on you. But if you have recited the formula and intentionally broken then kaffarah becomes obligatory.


May Allah(swt) grant you success


Syed Haider