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Is there a difference between male and female prayer?


Is there a difference between male and female prayer?


Salamun Alaykum

Thank you for your query.

If you mean to ask the difference in the method of praying, then the main wajib difference between male and female prayer is that the women should observe proper Hijab and they can recite Surah Hamd and the second Surah whispering in all the Salat unlike males who have to recite those Surahs loudly in Fajr, Maghrib and Isha prayers. And the rest differences are the Mustahab differences.

All the below rulings are according to Ayatullah al-Udhma Sayyid Ali Sistany:

Ruling 775. While performing prayers, a man must cover his private parts even if no one sees him; and it is better that he covers his body from the navel to the knees.

Ruling 776. While performing prayers, a woman must cover her entire body, even her head and hair; and based on obligatory precaution she must cover her body in a way that even she cannot see it. Therefore, if she wears a chador in a way that she can see her body, it is problematic [i.e. based on obligatory precaution, a woman must not wear a chador in such a way]. However, it is not necessary for a woman to cover her face, nor her hands below the wrists, nor her feet below the ankles. In order to be certain that she has covered the obligatory areas, she must also cover a little of the sides of her face and a little of the area below her wrists and ankles.

Ruling 980. A woman can recite Sūrat al-Hamd and the other surah in Subh, maghrib, and ʿishāʾ prayers aloud or in a whisper. However, if someone who is not her maram can hear her voice and it is an instance of when it is unlawful to make her voice heard by someone who is not her maram, then she must recite them in a whisper. And if she intentionally recites them aloud, then based on obligatory precaution her prayer is invalid.

Ruling 963. It is recommended that while standing, one stands upright, lowers his shoulders, places his hands on his thighs, closes his fingers together, looks at the place of sajdah, places the weight of his body equally on both feet, stands humbly and submissively, and keeps both his feet in line. Furthermore, it is recommended for men to spread their feet between the measure of three open fingers and one hand span, and for women to keep their feet together.

Ruling 1030. It is recommended that when a woman performs rukūʿ, she should place her hands above her knees and not push back her knees.

Ruling 1077. The following things are recommended when performing sajdah:

2. when one wants to go into sajdah, a man should place his hands on the ground first and a woman her knees first;

13. men should not make their elbows touch the ground; also, they should keep their stomachs raised higher from the ground (compared to women) and keep their arms detached from their sides. Women should place their elbows on the ground, keep their stomachs closer to the ground, and keep their limbs joined to one another.

Ruling 1090. It is recommended that women keep their thighs closed together when saying tashahhud.

Likewise, while getting up, it is better for a female to raise her hands first before their backs coming up, unlike males who can get up while their backs raising first.

May Allah(swt) grant you success


Syed Haider