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I am a sea-man I work in ship and we continuously travel so What is the ruling of performing prayer?

Q:

I am a sea-man. I work in ship. So i have to stay 6 months of my home. And we continuously travel from one country to another and we do not stay in one place for more than 5 days. What is the ruling of performing prayer?how many rakat of frj, sunnah and witr should we read ? And we are unable to read zumua. Will it be a problem not performing zumua for 6 months?please help.

A:

Alikum Salam

Thank you for your Question

As per the Risalah of Ayatulaah Sistani

Seventh condition: one must not be a frequent traveller (kathīr al-safar). [The frequent traveller is of two kinds:] (1) someone whose profession is travelling – such as a driver and the captain of a ship, or a delivery person or shepherd – and (2) someone who travels frequently even though his work does not require him to do so – such as someone who travels three days in a week even if it is for recreational and touristic purposes – such a person must perform tamām prayers.

Kindly Refer to the following link for more details.

https://www.sistani.org/english/book/48/2248/

In regards to the Friday Prayers

Ruling 720. Whenever the Friday prayer takes place with all its conditions fulfilled, if the one establishing it is the infallible Imam (ʿA) or his specific representative, it is obligatory to attend it; otherwise, it is not obligatory. In the first situation, however, it is not obligatory on the following groups of people to attend:

1. women;
2. slaves;
3. travellers, even those travellers whose duty is to perform the complete (tamām) form of the prayer, such as those who have made an intention to stay [at their destination for ten or more days];
4. the sick, blind, and aged;
5. those who are more than two farsakhs [6.8 miles] from a place of Friday prayer;
6. those who find it difficult and hard to attend the Friday prayer on account of rain, severe cold, or suchlike.

Kindly Refer to the following link for more details.

https://www.sistani.org/english/book/48/2199/

Rules of Namaz » Obligatory daily Namaz – Islamic Laws – The Official Website of the Office of His Eminence Al-Sayyid Ali Al-Husseini Al-Sistani
www.sistani.org
Islamic Laws – Rules of Namaz » Obligatory daily Namaz. The Official Website of the Office of His Eminence Al-Sayyid Ali Al-Husseini Al-Sistani

With thanks and regards,
Ask An Alim Team.