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Are there hadeeth’s from prophet muhammad (PBUH) directly that khums is on personal income

Q:

Salaam Aleykum, Are there hadeeth’s from prophet muhammad (PBUH) directly that khums is on personal income ? Could you please provide reference ? I realize we have hadeeth’s from Imams (few I believe that speak about khums on personal income) . While reading Quran it appears to me that it it may be in specific context of unexpected gains for example spoils of war, treasure as in Sunni interpretation. In case it is income also are there some details provided by our prophet during his lifetime as to it being on personal income. Secondly in shia school gold and silver currency is differentiated compared to paper currency for Zakat. While the materials are different it has the same functions and I can buy gold with paper currency. So considering our 12th imam is hidden do we have hadeeth from 12 imam that zakat is not applicable on paper currency. Was salaam

A:

Alaykum salaam

 
Thank you for your question. Khums being applicable on earnings is a ruling that is derived from the actions of the Imams (as). The specification of what khums and zakat are applicable to is in the hands of the Infallible (as) as the leader of the Islamic society (this is sometimes referred to as a hukm wila’i). Once there is proof of the specification of khums or zakat on an item then for that to change there needs to be a proof of change or proof that the law was temporary. In the same way to legislate khums or zakat on something new, proof is required. This is why khums and zakat are applicable on the items specified today and this is the general consensus of Shii scholars.
 
Zohair Ali.